Historiography of Ottoman Europe

Διήγησις περὶ τοῦ γεγονότος θαύματος παρὰ τῆς ὑπεραγίας Θεοτόκου ἐν ταῖς ἡμέραις τοῦ ἐυσεβέστατου βασιλέως κῦρ Μανουὴλ τοῦ Παλαιολόγου

Translated Title
Account of the miracle made by the most-holy Mother of God in the days of the most-pious emperor lord Manuel Palaiologos (English)
attributed to Ioannes Chortasmenos / Ίωάννης ὁ Χορτάσμενος (1370-1431) | URL | VIAF | ISNI
Publication Type
Modern Greek
Account of the siege of Constantinople by the Agarenes (i.e. the Ottomans), started in 1394 and ended in 1402. The author links the rise and the European conquests of the “impious” Ottomans to the sins of the Christians, depicts the combat of emperor Manuel II Palaiologos (1391-1425) with the sultan Bayezid I (1389-1402; † 1403) as a confrontation between a perfect virtue and a perfect vice, and presents the victory of the “Scythian” Timur Lenk against the Ottomans and his 1405 death as a miracle of God. The aim is to strenghten the faith of the afflicted “Romans”: as long as miracles happen, they are still, if not God’s chosen people, at least under divine protection. Herbert Hunger attributed it to the Byzantine scholar Ioannes Chortasmenos, but Paul Gautier published it anonymously, as he was not convinced by the arguments displayed by the Austrian historian in his Byzantinische Geisteswelt. According to Dumitru Nastase, this is a fragment of a (lost) chronicle written by Chortasmenos, a so-called Bulgarian anonymous chronicle being its translation; however, Anthony Kaldellis has compellingly shown that “his argument is a series of conjectures”.
  • Biblioteca Ambrosiana | Ambrosianus graecus O 123 sup. (= Martini-Basi 598), ff. 43-47 | Vindob. Suppl. gr. 75, ff. 263-269
  • Österreichische Nationalbibliothek |
Other Version
Secondary Literature
Siege of Constantinople , Agarenes , Ottomans , Manuel Palaiologos , Bayezid , Scythians , Timur Lenk , miracle , Romans , Bulgarian anonymous chronicle