Zilot Românul [Ștefan Ioan Fănuță († 1853)]
As its comprehensive title shows, this composition, partly in prose, partly in verse, describes the 1821 Wallachian uprising of Tudor Vladimirescu and the defeat by the Ottomans of the army raised by the Greek secret Society of Friends with the purpose to overthrow the Ottoman rule and to free Greece (Jalnica cântare a lui Zilot, întru care să cuprind revoluțiea românilor supt Tudor slugerul Vladimirescul i zavera supt Aleco beizadea Ipsilant i stăpânirea turcească supt Chehaia beiu și oareșce din domniia românească întoarsă iar la români de la grecii fanarioți supt domnul Grigorie Ghica voevod). It also depicts the end of the so-called Phanariot rule and the appointment of a “local” boyar – Grigorie IV Ghica – as Prince of Wallachia (1822-1828; † 1834). Labeled as the last Romanian chronicler of the Phanariot period (B.P. Hasdeu), the author signing Zilot Românul is indeed a “zealous Romanian”: writting in 1823, he draws a very sympathethic portrait of Tudor Vladimirescu, slams the Greeks and their leader, Alexandros Ypsilantis, criticisez the Turkish tyranny and embraces a “patriotic” stance.